About the MDGs

In September of 2000, world leaders gathered at the Millennium Summit in New York City and signed the UN Millennium Declaration. This document is the foundation for the MDGs, a set of 8 measurable goals to be achieved by 2015. These goals aim to increase living standards around the world, providing a blueprint to guide the work of development organizations and national bodies that work to alleviate the plight of the world’s poor.

How are they measured?
The UN worked with the World Bank, the IMF and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development to prepare a list of over 60 indicators and benchmarks to measure progress toward the goals. These indicators ensure a common assessment and understanding of the status of MDGs at global, regional and national levels. At the country level, Governments, with UN support, may adapt goals and targets to national circumstances. In the Lao PDR, for instance, the Government has committed to a 9th MDG that will see a removal of the unexploded ordnance (UXO) from the Second Indochina War that still afflicts the country.

For information on the progress of each MDG in the Lao PDR, go to MDGs in the Lao PDR. You can find MDG reports in our publications section

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Halve the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day
  • Halve the number of people who suffer from hunger
  • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, especially women and young people

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

  • Ensure that all children can complete a full course of primary schooling

Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates

  • Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Goal 5: Improve maternal health

  • Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
  • Achieve universal access to reproductive health

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Provide, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  • By 2020, achieve a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers

Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

  • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
  • Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries
  • Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
  • Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

Goal 9: Reduce the impact of UXO (Specific to the Lao PDR)

  • Ensure the complete clearance of UXO from priority / high value agricultural land by 2020
  • Reduce substantially the number of casualties as a result of UXO incidents
  • Ensure that the medical and rehabilitation needs of all UXO survivors are met in line with treaty obligations under the Convention on Cluster Munitions

Sustainable Development Goals

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