COVID-19: protect yourself and others from getting sick

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To access this page in Lao, click the Lao flag on the right.

How can I protect myself and my loved ones against COVID-19?

  • Stay at home as much as possible and only go out if necessary
  • Avoid big gatherings and crowded places
  • Clean your hands regularly, using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow, and immediately dispose of the tissue into a closed bin
  • If you have a cough, fever, or difficulty breathing, call hotline numbers 165, 166 or 020 5406 6777 for advice in Lao, Chinese or English on what you should do.

What should I do if I experience symptoms?

  • If you have a cough, fever, or difficulty breathing, call 166 for advice in Lao, Chinese or English. They will give you advice on how to seek care.
  • If you are unwell avoid crowded places, close contact with others and don’t go to work or school.
  • If you have these symptoms or are providing care to someone who has them, wear a mask if possible. Make sure that you know how to wear, use and dispose of it properly.

What is COVID-19 and how is it spread?

  • COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a virus which was first found in humans in China in December 2019.
  • Around 80% of people who have COVID-19 experience mild symptoms, including a cough, fever, and tiredness. These people recover without needing special treatment.
  • Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. About 2% of people with the disease have died.
  • COVID-19 spreads from person to person through small droplets from the nose and mouth, which is why it is so important to cover coughs and sneezes.

Who is most at risk?

  • Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
  • However, everyone is at risk. Practice the recommended prevention measures.
  • Everyone can help to protect the vulnerable people in their community by making sure they know how to protect themselves.

Read information on COVID-19 by the World Health Organization in Lao here.

Read UNICEF Laos advice on COVID-19 for parents, teenagers, teachers and more in English here and in Lao here.

Advice on preventive measures:

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Prevention of stigma and discrimination

Read the UN Secretary-General's message on the International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia in times of COVID-19 (in English).


Information for migrants:

Read the OHCHR, IOM, UNHCR and WHO joint press release: the rights and health of refugees, migrants and stateless must be protected in COVID-19 response (in English).

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Information on COVID-19, gender, pregnancy, childbirth & breastfeeding:

Read the Q&A on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding (in English).

Read about UNFPA support to women migrants in quarantine centres (in English).

Read the UNFPA press release about an ambitious skills building project to improve maternal health care in Laos (in English).

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Information for health workers:

Read the UNFPA press release on delivery of Personal Protection Equipment for protecting front line workers against COVID-19.


How to handwash:

How to Handwash English

How to put on, use, take off and dispose of a mask?

  • Before putting on a mask, wash your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub 
  • Cover your mouth and nose with the mask
  • Make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask 
  • Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do touch it, immediately clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  • Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it becomes damp 
  • Do not re-use single-use masks – dispose of them after each use
  • To remove the mask: 
    • remove it from behind (do not touch the front of mask)
    • discard the used mask immediately in a closed bin
    • wash your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water

Cloth (e.g. cotton or gauze) masks are not recommended.

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Here is a list of other information resources on COVID-19 that are regularly updated by the World Health Organization (available in English):


For more information, please contact:

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. (World Health Organization Laos) 

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